Short CV/Education and training

Academic appointments

  • Since 2016
    Full Professor, Physics Department; Biological Physics

  • 2009 – 2016
    Associate Professor, Physics Department; Biological Physics

  • 2003 – 2009
    Senior Lecturer, Physics Department; Biological Physics

  • 2001 – 2003
    Post-doctoral fellow, Center for Physics and Biology, Rockefeller University, USA

  • 2000 – 2001
    Dicke fellow, Physics Dept. Princeton University, USA

  • 1999 – 2000
    Post doctorate fellow: Cell Biology Department, Weizmann Institute, Israel


  • 1993 – 1999
    Ph. D.: Department of Physics, Weizmann Institute, Israel

  • 1991 – 1992
    M. Sc.: Department of Physics, Weizmann Institute, Israel

  • 1989 – 1991
    B. Sc.: Mathematics and Physics, Hebrew University, Israel

Selected publications

  • Liu, J., Gefen, O., Ronin, I., Bar-Meir, M. & Balaban, N. Q. Effect of tolerance on the evolution of antibiotic resistance under drug combinations. Science 367, 200-204, (2020).

  • Balaban, N. Q. et al. Definitions and guidelines for research on antibiotic persistence. Nat Rev Microbiol 17, 441-448, (2019).

  • Mosheiff, N., Martins, B.M.C., Pearl-Mizrahi, S., Grunberger, A., Helfrich, S., Mihalcescu, I., Kohlheyer, D., Locke, J.C.W., Glass, L., and Balaban, N.Q. Inheritance of Cell-Cycle Duration in the Presence of Periodic Forcing. Phys Rev X 8, 021035, (2018).

  • Ronin, I., Katsowich, N., Rosenshine, I. & Balaban, N. Q. A long-term epigenetic memory switch controls bacterial virulence bimodality. Elife 6, (2017).

  • Levin-Reisman, I. et al. Antibiotic tolerance facilitates the evolution of resistance. Science 355, 826-830, (2017).

  • Gefen, O., Chekol, B., Strahilevitz, J. & Balaban, N. Q. TDtest: easy detection of bacterial tolerance and persistence in clinical isolates by a modified disk-diffusion assay. Sci Rep 7, 41284, (2017).

  • Sandler, O. et al. Lineage correlations of single cell division time as a probe of cell-cycle dynamics. Nature 519, 468-471, (2015).

  • Fridman, O., Goldberg, A., Ronin, I., Shoresh, N. & Balaban, N. Q. Optimization of lag time underlies antibiotic tolerance in evolved bacterial populations. Nature 513, 418-421, (2014).

  • Levin-Reisman, I. et al. Automated imaging with ScanLag reveals previously undetectable bacterial growth phenotypes. Nature Methods 7, 737-U100, (2010).

  • Balaban, N. Q., Merrin, J., Chait, R., Kowalik, L. & Leibler, S. Bacterial persistence as a phenotypic switch. Science 305, 1622-1625, (2004).

Complete list of publications

Selected projects

  • Our lab focuses on the development of experimental and theoretical approaches to the study of single-cell heterogeneity, and the determination of its role in disease and evolution.

  • We have pioneered the use of microfluidic devices and automated setups for quantitative studies of single-cell heterogeneity. In particular, we study the heterogeneity of growth of bacteria and its impact on their response to antibiotics.

  • We perform experimental evolution under antibiotics to uncover the role of biological noise in shaping evolutionary processes leading to antibiotic resistance.

Membership in scientific bodies/juries

  • Academic Editor Plos Biology

Soft Skills/Other activities and achievements

Other activities and achievements/family

  • Co-founder of the Scholar-Teacher program, an initiative for improving science teaching in high schools. The program established a new academic position that allows staff scientists to continue in their research at Universities after their PhD, while teaching their scientific discipline in high schools. The program creates a natural bridge between cutting-edge research and public high schools.


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